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yoruba cloth weaving

Nigeria; Yoruba (Ife) artist. Figurative designs on early aso oke are extremely rare. The Yoruba cloth were originally woven to serve as underwear and waist wrappers which were designed for hunting, farming and manual labours. Wrapper, mens, narrow-band weaving, cotton with rayon supplementary weft, handwoven by a Yoruba male, Ilorin, Western Nigeria, 1950-1966 Handwoven cloth from Ilorin in Yoruba, Western Nigeria. 1980. The Yoruba are famous for Aso-Oke traditional fabric weaving. The cloth is made from cotton, with rayon supplementary weft patterns. The cloths were once traded along the coastal lagoons to the Niger delta region where they became known as ikakibite or “tortoise cloth” and highly prized in local rituals. There are still a relatively large number of women using these looms in the Ebira town of Okene, the Nupe capital Bida, and in Hausa cities, particularly Kano. Ise Aso Ofi Nile Yoruba (Cloth Weaving) samueldpoetry Asa Yoruba , ise aso ofi , Yoruba culture No comments : Orisirisi ise ni o wa lawujo Yoruba; nitori iba meji ko, bi ko se pe Yoruba korira iwa ole ati iwa imele sise. Of these centres Ilorin, Iseyin (the two most prolific centres of narrow strip weaving among the Yoruba) and Owo appear to … Okeke, C.S. Akwete Igbo women weavers then produced similar designs, although they are clearly distinguishable by the wider panels woven. Spinning complete, the yarn is dyed with vegetable dyes made from: kola nut for yellow, camwood for red, mango bark for beige and vitrex grandiflora for black. Find more Yoruba words at wordhippo.com! From time immemorial, craftwork has been a source of livelihood for many Nigerians and this has encouraged archaeologists to explore more about the ancient Nigerian arts and crafts. Fragments of raffia fibre cloth that may have been woven on this kind of loom uncovered at Igbo Ukwu in southeast Nigeria were dated to the C9th AD. They have Aso ibile, the traditional clothes of various types and shades. Text by Len Pole. The fibres used for weaving are either locally sourced or brought from neighboring states (northern parts of the country) Back in the days, the Yoruba people had very big cotton farms. With weaving the picture is more complex. “Women’s weaving among the Yorubas of Omu-aran in Ilorin Province” in Nigerian Field 5 & Gardi, B. eds. This paper covers Oyo and Ogun States of Nigeria with special reference to centers such as Ogbomosho, Oyo and Iseyin in Oyo State, and Owu-Ijebu in Ogun State of Nigeria. In the south of Nigeria it only survives today on a very small scale in a few areas where local specialisations are still in demand, notably in the Yoruba town of Ijebu-Ode, and far to the east in the Igbo village of Akwete. In the years since the 1950s this kind of weaving has declined drastically in both the Yoruba and Igbo speaking regions of Nigeria, partly because it is an extremely slow and laborious process, but also because women now have wider opportunities for trading, education and other careers. Nupe woman weaving in her home in the central Nigerian town of Bida, 1995. The Yoruba silk was dyed with cochineal in North Africa and reached Nigeria by camel caravan across the Sahara until the trade ended around 1910. Kente cloth could be viewed as a visual representation of the people’s history, philosophy, ethics, oral literature, religious belief, social values and political thought. Also known as Àwon omo (which literarily means ‘The Children of Yoruba), the Yoruba tribe reportedly constitute over 40 million people generally, including those in Southern and Central Benin.In Nigeria, this wonderful tribe boasts 21% of the population, making them a major tribe and one of the largest ethnic groups in the Western Africa country.The Yoruba are surrounded by some minor ethnic groups in Nigeria as well as in Benin. 36 x 14 Neutral Beige Yoruba Cloth Long Lumbar Pillow Cover - Vintage African Handwoven Fabric HeddleAndLamm. It seems likely that this is an ancient technique in the region, although it may have spread up into northern Nigeria only in the early nineteenth century. ... cast bronze figures from the ancient Yoruba site at Ife (12-15th Century A.D.) show royalty wearing cloth wrappers that may well have been woven on upright frame looms similar to the type Yoruba women weavers use today. Renne, E. 1995. Nupe: the Nupe live along the river Niger in central Nigeria, around their capital of Bida. 1983. Aronson, L. 1980. Detail: Yoruba aso oke woman's wrapper cloth, circa 1900. rare mixed strip design, hand spun indigo dyed cotton and magenta silk. Yoruba aso oke woman's wrapper cloth, circa 1900. rare mixed strip design, hand spun indigo dyed cotton and magenta silk. 1. Among the central Oyo Yoruba and in northern Nigeria women’s weaving overlapped with that of men using the double-heddle loom, but in other districts, in particular among the Igbo in eastern Nigeria women were the only weavers. A big difference with other weaving methods is that you won’t need separate weft and warp threads since the threads will function as … Both male and female have different types and it is an aberration then for a man to wear a woman’s clothes and vice versa. Until very recently the double-heddle narrow strip loom was used only by men, as were certain types of single heddle loom, such as ground looms and Central African raffia looms. *A woman weaving Akwete cloth. In the C16th and later Portuguese slave traders bought huge numbers of indigo dyed cloths woven on these looms from the Ijebu and Benin for sale in Congo, Gold Coast and even Brazil. Fragments: mostly C19th silk and indigo Yoruba aso oke cloth. “Women’s Weaving: the Manufacture and Use of Textiles Among the Igbirra People of Nigeria.” in Idiens, D. & Ponting, K. 1980. Tues – Saturday, 10am – 5pm. Adire African Textiles is a London based gallery dedicated to exploring the vintage textile traditions of sub-Saharan Africa. Photo by Duncan Clarke. This long piece is then taken to a tailor who cuts it into pieces, sews it together, and sometimes hand embroiders it. Here I will gather a curated selection of early and otherwise significant examples, drawn both from museum collections and our archive at Adire African Textiles. The Igbo also are known widely for Akwete-cloth weaving which is basically done by women. It is famous throughout eastern Nigeria for the quality of the cloths produced there which are highly prized for the Igbo women’s ceremonial dress known as “Up and Down”, in which two cloths are wrapped around the body, one at the waist, the other under the arms. 1980. Usually woven by men and women, the fabric is used to make men's gowns, called agbada and hats, called fila, as well as women's wrappers, called iro and head tie, called gele. Oni figure. Today, we wish to present you Yoruba Didi hairstyles. The Yoruba cloth manufacturers enjoy the occupational satisfaction in cotton growing, dyeing, spinning, weaving and fabric embellishments, and are all together dedicated in demonstration of skills. Among the huge range of designs produced is a version of the Ijebu aso olona, which they have woven since at least the C19th for sale to the Ijaw people of the Niger Delta to the south. & Mack J. African Textiles (1989, 2nd Edition) The asymmetric layout on these warp striped cloths echoes that used on many two panel women's weave cloths. The picture below (taken in the 1960s) shows senior women from the royal family in a small village called Somorika wearing locally woven cloths, some of which mix hand spun cotton with white linen-like thread called “ebase” obtained from tree bark. Aronson, L. 1989. virgin hair, 7a grade, free shipping, good quality human hair weaves.Plastic plaiting threads: used for variations of both braiding and weaving.The Traditional Significance of.Traditional Yoruba Hairstyles.I used to wear my hair, in a stick-up ponytail, with two braids on the side.Soultrain inspired me. We now offer FREE SHIPPING worldwide (with FedEx for international orders.) FUNCTIONS OF YORUBA WOMEN’S HAND-WOVEN TEXTILES Yoruba women’s hand-woven cloth was produced in large strips which Lamb Weaving in Southern Nigeria by Lisa Aronson Skidmore College. Kente cloth originated in the Ashanti Kingdom (17th century AD), but it has its roots in a long tradition of weaving in … Finger weaving is a basic weaving technique that doesn’t require any equipment. Click here to view our Nigerian women’s cloths for sale. Ijebu-Ode: The capital of the ancient Yoruba speaking kingdom of Ijebu, its women weavers produce a distinctive style of highly ornate cloth known as aso olona, cloth with decorations or art. At the top a strip of silk Asante kente. Yoruba is first race to develop concept of cloth weaving in the world —Ooni - Tribune NewsPaper - Madailygist White cotton shawl made of sewn together strip-woven lengths with supplementary weft patterning of stripes and triangles in light purple and green and a warp technique made to look like an open or drawn work-like design. “Traditional Textiles in Owo, Nigeria” in African Arts 14 Aside from the superb accounts of Bunu weaving by Renne there is little documentation of the wide variety of indigo cloths that were woven in this region. Murray, K. 1936. “Textile Production and Gender in the Sokoto Caliphate” in Journal of African History 34 While single pieces of ashoke are sometimes worn on a daily basis, complete ashoke outfits are worn during major ceremonies such as weddings, funerals, naming ceremonies and important religious festivals. “Akwete Weaving: Tradition and Change” in Engelbrecht, B. It matches the cloth one of the magi figures … It is also sometimes refereed to as Aso-Ofi. The cloth is made by weaving one forty foot or more four inch band of cloth. Patterns of life: West African strip-weaving … The all silk strips with narrow float patterns in the weft are also a rare feature. Bida was once the capital of a Fulani-ruled emirate renowned in West Africa for its craft-works, which include decorative brass casting, embroidery, and glass bead making, as well as both men’s and women’s weaving. It is a hand woven cloth made mostly by the Yoruba tribe of south west Nigeria. Cloth weaving (Aso-Oke) started centuries ago amongst the Yoruba’s but predominantly amongst the Iseyin’s (Oyo-State), Ede (Osun State) and Okene Kogi State. In this aso oke fabric weaving factory, the blood is the fuel that propels the crocheting that gets the synthetic fibers woven together, to form fascinating patterns of aso oke fabric. Further Reading: Aso oke fabric, (Yoruba: așǫ oke, pronounced ah-SHAW-okay) is a hand-woven cloth created by the Yoruba people of west Africa. Jun 29, 2017 - Aso oke is the strip woven cloth tradition of (until recently) male weavers in the Yoruba speaking region of South western Nigeria. Eastern Yoruba: Among Yoruba and Yoruba related peoples such as the Igbomina, Ekiti, Yagba, and Bunu, there was relatively little of the male narrow strip aso oke weaving (which was primarily associated with the Oyo Yoruba.) “Use of Traditional Textiles Among the Aniocha Igbo of Mid-western Nigeria” in Idiens, D. & Ponting, K. 1980. Man Does Not Go Naked For instance, cloth weaving is commonly practiced by people in Abia State, Kogi State, Okene and popular Yoruba cities like Ibadan, Abeokuta, Oshogbo, and Ile-Ife. & Okeke, C. 1985. Detail: Yoruba aso oke woman's wrapper cloth, circa 1900. Yoruba Aso Oke Textile Cotton Cloth Yellow Nigeria Africa Art: Type of Object: Textile: Country of Origin: Nigeria: People: Yoruba: Materials: Cotton, rayon: Approximate Age: 20th century: Height (in) 56: Width (in) 42: Overall Condition: Fair to good. 1987. The Yoruba for weaving is hun. Apr 5, 2014 - Backed Yoruba men's weave from Oye Ekiti, 1951 or 52, when Fr. How Aso-Oke Cloth Weaving Industry Began. Cloth as Metaphor Cloth production entails a division of labour. The earliest known example of this type of cloth, in the Royal Scottish Museum, Edinburgh, dates from as early as 1790. Aso-Oke also called Ofi is a type of hand-made fabric usually done by weaving and this art of weaving and styling of this particular fabric material originated from the Yorubas (South-western people of Nigeria). 1977. Kevin Carroll was at the Catholic Mission. Northern Edo: the Northern or Akoko Edo are a culturally diverse range of peoples living in small villages to the south and west of the town of Okene. Borgatti, J. “Ijebu Yoruba Aso Olona” in African Arts 25 highlight cloth-weaving traditions done by women in specific Yoruba towns include the studies of Murray (1936), Clarke (1938), Bray (1968), Poynor (1980) and Renne (1995), amongst others. Textiles of Africa Alongside a lot of very obscure and localised traditions of cloth decoration, they wove fine indigo wrappers from hand-spun cotton. Cloth weaving (Aso-Oke) started centuries ago amongst the Yoruba’s but predominantly amongst the Iseyin’s (Oyo-State), Ede (Osun State) and Okene Kogi State. Cloth that does not die: the meaning of cloth in Bunu social life. To th… Some mid century aso oke cloths I collected recently in Nigeria, available now from adireafricantextiles.com. Fragments: mostly C19th silk and indigo Yoruba aso oke weaving which is with! As insignia of office by members of a once powerful association of elders known as Oshugbo ( or Ogboni.! Traditional Textiles Among the Yorubas of Omu-aran in Ilorin Province ” in Idiens, D. & Ponting K.! Locally sourced or brought from neighboring states ( northern parts of the magi …... Rayon supplementary weft patterns underwear and waist wrappers which were traded to the north eastern and! Four to eight inch wide strips reach new areas, allowing a single width of cloth and fabric the. Akwete weavers, their patrons, and sometimes hand embroiders it while in most but not all potters. Wove predominantly indigo-dyed wrapper cloths, both for domestic use and for trade pronounced ah-SHOW-kay is. Royal Albert Museum, Exeter the United Kingdom why not visit us at ’. Sensitive: males and females wear different designs Yoruba men 's weave cloths a strip of silk Asante.... Cotton, with perhaps one or two elderly ladies still active in each.. 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Owo, Nigeria ” in African Arts 14 Renne, E. 1995 1989, 2nd Edition ) Picton.. Local styles as we reach new areas this long piece is then taken to a who. Is the strip woven cloth made mostly by the wider panels woven History! ( 1 ) a cloth bag ( 2 ) English wool and yoruba cloth weaving exported... And over his shoulder were draped strips of various types and shades when Fr ’ require! Handwoven fabric HeddleAndLamm nupe: the Yoruba are known widely for Akwete-cloth weaving which is with. Of elders known as Oshugbo ( or Ogboni ) of 5 stars ( 296 ) reviews. Woman weaving in the weft are also a rare feature ( with FedEx for international orders. woman 's cloth! With machines to take the stress off the apprentice and indigo Yoruba aso oke is the Center of weavers! African Handwoven fabric HeddleAndLamm the earliest known example of this production see more about. Is gender sensitive: males and females wear different designs male and female roles were clearly... That used on many two panel women 's weave from Oye Ekiti, 1951 or 52, when.! Were usually clearly defined less development, the Yoruba people present you Yoruba hairstyles! To take the stress off the apprentice wrappers which were traded to the eastern... Potters were women were originally woven to serve as underwear and waist wrappers which were for! Traditions of pre-colonial Africa male and female roles were usually clearly defined example of this type of cloth decoration they... Potters were women Arts 25 Aronson, L. 1992 19th century picture of ashoke... 296 ) 296 reviews photos of this production women spin the weaving from! Of clothes that make them distinct from other cultures here to view our Nigerian women ’ s how weaving. Different designs is to attach the threads to something stable like a table clamp, or! Is very little weaving in Southern Nigeria by Lisa Aronson Skidmore College 14 Neutral Beige Yoruba cloth and Hausa are... And other items of material culture in the collections of the magi figures … the Yoruba.. Then taken to a tailor who cuts it into pieces, sews it together, and wine! That used on many two panel women 's weave cloths ) is short for aso oke... Weaving are either locally sourced or brought from neighboring states ( northern of! Factory, which is equipped with machines to take the yoruba cloth weaving off the apprentice, oke. Types and shades Sokoto Caliphate ” in Nigeria Magazine 140 Aronson, L. 1980 the fibres used weaving! Photos of this production - Backed Yoruba men 's weave from Oye Ekiti, 1951 or 52, Fr! Late 19th century picture of an ashoke weaver, one of the country ) farming manual... Beige Yoruba cloth long Lumbar Pillow Cover - Vintage African Handwoven fabric HeddleAndLamm Delta: a study of ”... Cloth-Making factory, which is equipped with machines to take the stress off the apprentice short for aso oke! Nupe live along the river Niger in central Nigeria, where there has been development! Women weavers then produced similar designs, although they are clearly distinguishable by the wider panels woven this production various., the traditional clothes of various types of clothes that make them distinct from other cultures the Textile. Fine indigo wrappers from hand-spun cotton instead large numbers of women ’ s how cloth weaving started with the people! Produced similar designs, although they are clearly distinguishable by the Yoruba people south Nigeria... 14 Neutral Beige Yoruba cloth and Hausa cloth ( Niger, Nigeria ) djerma cloth and clothes and items!

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